Nature of universe-General scientific laws-Scientific instruments-Inventions and discoveries – Science glossary-Physical quantities, standards and units – Mechanics and properties of matter Force, motion and energy-Heat, light and sound-Magnetism, -electricity and electronics – Elements and -compounds -Acids, bases and salts-Oxidation and reduction-Carbon, nitrogen and their compounds-Fertilizers -pesticides, insecticides-Main concepts of life science-The cell – basic unit of life-Classification of living organism-Nutrition -and dietetics-Respiration – Blood and blood-circulation-Endocrine system-Reproductive system-Animals, plants and human life Govt. policy -organizations on Science and Technology-Role, achievement & impact of Science and technology-Energy – self sufficiency – oil exploration Genetics – the science of heredity Environment, ecology, health and hygiene, Bio-diversity and its conservation-Human diseases, prevention and remedies-Communicable diseases and non-communicable diseases-Alcoholism and Drug abuse – Computer-science and advancement.
State government organization – structure, functions and control mechanism-District administration – role in people’s welfare oriented programmes – Industrial map of Tamil Nadu — role of state government-Public Services – role of recruitment agencies-State finance – resources, budget and financial administration-Use of IT in administration — e-governance in the State-Natural calamities – Disaster Management Union and State – Social Welfare – Government sponsored schemes with reference to Tamil Nadu-Relationship between State and Union-Industrial map of India Public Services – role of recruitment agencies in Union Government-Social welfare government sponsored schemes by Government of India
Population Explosion- Unemployment issues in India & Tamil Nadu- Child Labour Economic Issues (a) Poverty (b) Sanitation- Rural and Urban (c) Corruption in public life – Anti-Corruption -measures – CVC, Lok-adalats, Ombudsman, CAG-IlliteracyWomen Empowerment – Role of the Govt. in Women Empowerment – Social injustice to womenfolk – Domestic violence, dowry menace, sexual assault-Impact of violence on the growth of the nation – Religious violence, –Terrorism and Communal violence. Human Rights issues-Right to information – Central and State Commission Education – Linkage between Education and Economic Growth-Community Development Programme-Employment Guarantee Scheme-Self Employment and Entrepreneurship Development-Role of N.G.O’s in Social Welfare – Govt. Policy on Health.